Urban CO2 Reduction Project – Toronto, Ontario
The earliest greenhouse gas inventories were developed in the early 1990s by the Urban CO2 Reduction Project. Ted Flanigan served as a consultant to the Urban Carbon Dioxide Project in the early 1990s. The project was managed by the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives in Toronto, a spin-off of United Nations activity. In that capacity, he and other consultants traveled to and worked with European and North American cities to develop greenhouse gas inventories and then plans to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Data on current and projected energy consumption was gathered – for cities from Copenhagen, Denmark and to Portland, Oregon – and then analyzed. Then sector-by-sector approaches were recommended to cut CO2 emissions. Concurrently, the project was cultivating stakeholder and political support such that plans became policies, and targets went live.